What Is Relining of Dentures? Learn About Denture Relining

Wearing dentures is a transformative solution for those who have lost natural teeth, restoring both functionality and confidence in their smiles. However, over time, changes in the jawbone and gum tissues can occur, affecting the fit and comfort of dentures. This is where the importance of denture relining comes into play.

In this blog post, we’ll explore what is relining of dentures, why it’s necessary, and how it contributes to the ongoing comfort and effectiveness of dentures.

What Is Relining of Dentures?

Denture relining is a dental procedure aimed at improving the fit of removable dentures by modifying the base, which comes in direct contact with the oral tissues. This adjustment ensures that the dentures sit securely and comfortably in the mouth, providing optimal function for chewing, speaking, and smiling.

Denture relines are made of several types of materials, depending on the specific needs of the patient and the type of reline being done. Here are some common materials used in denture relines:

  • Acrylics: Hard relining resin is made from acrylic that is similar in composition to the original acrylic of your dentures. This material becomes a part of the acrylic denture and can be expected to last the life of the denture.

  • Soft Reline Materials: Soft denture reline products are compliant, viscoelastic materials used to reline all or part of the surface of a denture. These materials are often acrylics that can be quickly applied to an existing denture.

  • Silicone-Based Materials: Some soft denture relines use silicone-based materials, like Silk Line™, which offers strong adhesion, exceptional durability, and no odor or taste.

  • PEMA Formulated Materials: Some products, like Trusoft™ Resilient Denture Acrylic Relining Material, are PEMA (Polyethylmethacrylate) formulated, specifically designed for patients requiring a prolonged adjustment period.

Why Denture Relining Is Necessary

Changes in Jawbone and Gum Tissues

Over time, the jawbone may change due to tooth loss. Additionally, the gum tissues may change in shape or become more sensitive. These alterations can lead to an ill-fitting denture, causing discomfort and potential oral health issues.

Preventing Sore Spots and Irritation

Ill-fitting dentures can create pressure points, leading to sore spots and irritation. Denture relining helps distribute the pressure evenly, reducing the risk of discomfort and tissue damage.

Enhancing Stability and Function

A well-fitting denture is essential for stability during everyday activities such as eating, speaking, and laughing. Relining ensures that the dentures remain securely in place, contributing to improved functionality and confidence.

Prolonging the Lifespan of Dentures

Regular relining can extend the lifespan of old or loose dentures by maintaining their fit and preventing issues that may arise from prolonged use of ill-fitting prosthetics.

Three Types of Denture Relines

1. Hard Relining

Hard denture relining involves the addition of a rigid, durable material, typically made of acrylic, to the denture base. This procedure is precise and is often carried out in a dental laboratory.

Hard relining is recommended when the structure of the dentures is still in good condition, but changes in the jawbone or gum tissues have affected the fit. It’s an ideal solution when the primary concern is bone loss or alterations in the shape of the underlying oral structures.

Benefits include:

  • Durability: The acrylic material used in hard relining is durable, providing a stable foundation for the dentures.
  • Accuracy: Since hard relining is done in a dental laboratory, the process ensures precision in adjusting the denture base for an accurate denture fit.

2. Soft Relining

Soft denture relining involves adding a softer, pliable material to the denture base. This material is often a cushion-like substance that adapts to the contours of the mouth, enhancing comfort.

 Soft relining is recommended when denture patients experience soreness, tender gums, or tissue overgrowth. The pliable material of soft dental relines offers a more forgiving surface, reducing pressure points and providing relief for sensitive gum tissues.

The benefits of this procedure include:

  • Comfort: The soft material provides a cushioning effect, reducing the risk of sore spots and irritation.
  • Adaptability: Soft relining materials are flexible and adapt to changes in the shape of the oral tissues, ensuring ongoing comfort.

3. Temporary Relining

Temporary reline involves the use of a soft, temporary material that is applied chairside by a dentist. It provides immediate relief and comfort.

Temporary relining is often recommended for individuals who require a quick solution to address discomfort while waiting for a more permanent relining procedure.

Its benefits include:

  • Quick Relief: Temporary relining offers immediate relief from discomfort while a more comprehensive solution is planned.
  • Bridge to Permanent Relining: It serves as a temporary solution until a hard or soft relining can be performed for a more long-term adjustment.

The Process of Denture Relining

Step 1: Assessment and Evaluation

The process begins with a thorough assessment by a dental professional. During this evaluation, the dentist examines the existing dentures and assesses the fit. They will also inquire about any discomfort, changes in oral health, or concerns the wearer may have.

Step 2: Selection of Reline Type

Based on the assessment, the dentist determines the type of denture regimen that would be most suitable for the individual. The three primary types are hard relining, soft relining, and temporary relining.

These types play vital roles in ensuring that dentures remain well-fitted, comfortable, and conducive to a confident and functional smile. Regular consultations with a dentist can help individuals determine the most suitable type of denture regimen based on their specific needs and oral health conditions.

Step 3: Impression Taking

For both hard and soft relines the dentist takes an accurate impression of the oral tissues using a dental putty or other impression materials. This impression captures the current contours of the mouth and serves as a basis for adjusting the denture base.

Step 4: Laboratory Work

If a hard reline is chosen, the impressions are sent to a dental laboratory where technicians use the provided molds to adjust the denture base accurately. This precision ensures a snug and secure fit.

For a soft reline, the pliable material is applied directly to the denture base in the dental office. This material conforms to the impression, creating a comfortable and customized cushioning effect.

Step 5: Finishing Touches

Once the adjusted dentures are received back from the laboratory or the soft denture reline material has been set, the dentist makes any final adjustments to ensure the fit is optimal. This may involve refining the bite, checking for comfort, and addressing any pressure points.

Step 6: Final Fitting and Patient Education

The final step involves fitting the relined dentures into the patient’s mouth. The dentist ensures that the dentures feel comfortable and secure and allow for proper function. During this visit, denture wearers are often provided with guidance on caring for their relined dentures and what to expect during the adjustment period.

How to Care for Your Relined Dentures

Here are some tips on how to care for your relined dentures:

  • Daily Cleaning: Rinse your relined dentures under cool running water and gently brush with a soft bristle brush. This is especially helpful when there are small food pieces trapped. Avoid using hard toothbrushes or toothpaste as they can damage the dentures.

  • Avoid Soaking in Certain Solutions: Do not soak the denture in a denture cleaning solution, especially if it has a soft liner.

  • Proper Storage: When not in use, store the denture in water, but avoid hot water.

  • Cleaning After Soft Reline: If you get an in-office soft reline, wait a full day before cleaning your denture to allow it to set up properly.

  • Regular Check-Ups: Regular dental check-ups are necessary to ensure that your dentures are still fitting well and in good condition. Denture adhesives are not a remedy for ill-fitting dentures, which may need to be relined or replaced to prevent oral sores from developing.

Contact Tolley Dental for Professional Relining Dentures in Winchester, VA

Denture relining is a valuable aspect of denture care, offering a solution to the natural changes that occur in the oral cavity over time. Whether through hard or soft relining, this procedure ensures that dentures continue to provide comfort, stability, and functionality, allowing you to enjoy the benefits of a restored smile.

At Tolley Dental, we provide professional relining dentures in Winchester, VA. We understand the importance of properly fitting dentures and the impact it can have on your oral health, confidence, and overall well-being. We are equipped with experienced dentists and state-of-the-art technology to provide the best possible results for our patients.

Contact us now to schedule a consultation!